在of结构中of 前面的词被of 后面的词修饰,而另一个相对次要的修饰词紧跟着接着修饰:

  Right: He had a way OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts.

上面的例子中,OF DODGING OPPONENTS修饰way而that impressed修饰前面整个名词a way OF DODGING OPPONENTS,这种情况下不要误解为DODGING OPPONENTS发起的impressed这个动作。我们再看一个例句:

  An ice sheet covers 80 percent OF THE SURFACE OF GREENLAND, an area roughly the size of Alaska.

an area roughly the size of Alaska修饰80 percent of the surface of而不是GREENLAND而of the surface of Greenland需要紧跟在80 percent后。

避免因修饰语太长而导致谓语太迟出现:

  Awkward: A new CEO who will transform the company by decentralizing authority to various division heads while increasing their accountability through the use of public scorecards has been hired.

这句话因为who引导的修饰语而导致动词被放在句尾,而就是因为这个句子过长所以让人读起来相当费力,正确的句子可以改成:

  Right: A new CEO has been hired who will transform the company by decentralizing authority to various division heads while increasing their accountability through the use of public scorecards.

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练习册:复杂的修饰

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