PREP语法笔记2:101-120

## 说明：

101. (29777-!-item-!-188;#058&004380)

The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the world's smallest network digital

camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs less than 11 ounces.

(A) to be the world's smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld

computer, and it weighs

(B) to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld

computer, weighing

(C) is the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer,

and it weighs

(D) is the world's smallest network digital camcorder, which is as long as a handheld computer and

weighs

(E) is the world's smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld

computer, weighing

A. the length of the camcorder (which指代) is the length (that指代) of the a handheld computer，

B.  由于in the world属于核心词camcorder的修饰成分，因此which可以跳跃指代camcorder，

weighing现在分词做伴随状语修饰前句which (camcorder) is as long as…   是可以接受的用法。

C. And it weighs错误同A

D.  正确，Which紧跟在其先行词之后，紧密修饰先行词camcorder；which (camcorder) is … and

weighs …    工整平行。

E. the length of A is the length of B，错误同A；weighing的逻辑主语为the length of camcorder，

which is… and weighs…

1)  在比较两事物的某属性相等或相当时，我们可以使用as…as结构，而使用be动词则是不正确的。

A的长度可以“等于”B的长度，但是不能说A的长度“就是”B的长度。长度是分属于两个不同事物（在

2) which/it等代词指代要求明确清晰，不能出现歧义或逻辑不合理

3)  在复合句中，句子主句与从句层次应该鲜明，含义合理

SC-GWD测试 It claims为插入成分，这一现象大多数考生在此处为第一次遇到，因此很多考生会认为claim的正

what it claims 是名词从句(nominal relative clause, this kind of clause functions like a noun group)，

AWA测试 A选项所分析的句子层次的问题，在本书P2-94题当中也有比较详尽的解析，希望考生仔细体会

SC-OG：1-20 此题比较明显能够首先排除ACE选项，判断主要在BD当中进行。我们分析BD选项不难看出，BD

B选项中的weighing修饰对象有歧义。原句中weigh的逻辑主语为camcorder，但在该选项中，如果

which…定语从句与weighing现在分词结构并列修饰camcorder，两个修饰成分之间需要加连词and，

102. (29823-!-item-!-188;#058&004383)

Unlike a female grizzly bear in the Rockies, which typically occupies a range of 50 to 300 square

miles, a male's range will cover 200 to 500 and occasionally as many as 600.

(A) Unlike a female grizzly bear in the Rockies, which typically occupies a range of 50 to 300 square

miles, a male's range will cover 200 to 500 and occasionally as

(B) Unlike the range of a female grizzly bear in the Rockies, typically occupying 50 to 300 square

miles, a male will cover 200 to 500 and occasionally so

(C) While the typical range of a female grizzly bear in the Rockies is 50 to 300 square miles, with

males, their range can cover 200 to 500 square miles and occasionally so

(D) Whereas a female grizzly bear in the Rockies typically occupies a range of 50 to 300 square

miles, a male will cover 200 to 500 and occasionally as

(E) The typical range of a female grizzly bear in the Rockies is 50 to 300 square miles, unlike males,

which will cover 200 to 500 square miles and occasionally as

A. A female bear和a male’s range比较，比较对象不对等

B. The range of a female bear和a male比较，比较对象不对等

C. With males修饰主句主语their (指代males) range，本末倒置。So many as为错误习语，肯定句

D.  正确。

E. Range与males比较，比较对象不对等

whereas引起从句，表示转折含义。本句的主从句中均采用了主谓宾的结构，两句平行对称：a female

grizzly bear与a male对称，occupies和will cover对称，a range of…与  200 to 500 and…对称。此外，

1)  在任何比较结构中，比较对象一定要逻辑含义对等

2) with＋名次性成分，主语＋动宾等句子其他结构，with修饰主语，表示主语“拥有”（possess）with

103. (29869-!-item-!-188;#058&004446)

The parachutelike membranes of Africa's scaly-tailed flying squirrels differ from those of the flying

squirrels in the family Sciuridae because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

the wrist.

(A) because they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

(B) because of being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(C) in their attachment to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of being attached at

(D) in that they are attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow rather than at

(E) in their being attached to a cartilage rod at the elbow instead of

A.  缺少介词at，比较存在歧义。

B. Because of being表达笨拙。

C. in their attachment to和being attached at形式不对称；being attached at the wrist改变句子愿意：

membranes是被附着在位于腕处的软骨棒上，而不是被直接附着在腕上

D.  正确，此句是两个介宾结构――at the elbow和at the wrist比较，第二个介词at不能省略，否则造

E.  缺少介词at，比较存在歧义

Because引导原因状语从句，从句中的they指代membranes，与主句主语相同，rather than在从句中

X instead of y, x rather than y表示是x而不是y。这种比较结构同样要求x/y为结构对称、含义对等；

104. (29915-!-item-!-188;#058&004465)

The yield per acre of coffee berries varies enormously in that a single tree, depending on both its

size and on climate and altitude, could produce enough berries to make between one and twelve

pounds of dried beans a year.

(A) enormously in that a single tree, depending on both its size and on climate and altitude, could

produce

(B) enormously in that a single tree, dependent on its size and also on climate and altitude, is able

to produce

(C) enormously, because a single tree, depending on its size and on climate and altitude, is able to

produce

(D) enormously, because a single tree, being dependent on its size, climate, and altitude, is

capable of producing

(E) enormously, because a single tree, dependent both on its size as well as on climate and altitude,

could produce

A. both…and用法错误

B. both…and用法错误

C.  正确，depending on A and B,    此处A为its size, B为climate and altitude，为对应的两个名词成

D. Being多余

E. Both…and用法错误

In that/ because引起原因状语从句。从句内部主谓结构为a single tree is able to…

depending/dependent on为插入成分，可以有两种理解：depending on…  为伴随状语，修饰从句的

both x and y, both…and also以及both…as well as均错误。其中x、y要求是形式对称，内容平行的成

SC-GWD测试 Depending on…   和 dependent on… 均为合理的用法，因此这两者之间的区别并非本题的考点。

AWA测试 此句描述的为一个客观事实，且主句位于varies属于一般现在时，所以because引起的从句也以一

105. (29961-!-item-!-188;#058&004575)

2001 proved to be the automaker's first losing year since 1992, when the company had lost \$7.4

billion, which was primarily because of almost \$7 billion in accounting charges.

(A) when the company had lost \$7.4 billion, which was primarily because of

(B) when the company had lost \$7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

(C) when the company lost \$7.4 billion, primarily because of

(D) which is when the company lost \$7.4 billion, and that was primarily because of

(E) which is when the company lost \$7.4 billion, primarily resulting from

A.  过去完成时态错误，此句的when从句只是说明在1992这个年份该公司损失了多少钱这一发生在

B.  过去完成时态错误。

C.  正确。

D. Which is多余；and that在前句中没有可平行的对象，表达啰嗦。

E. Which is多余

when非限制性引导定语从句对1992年进行进一步解释说明。

1)  which is when…  这种接连两个连接词的情况，是错误的，应该直接使用when修饰年代。

2)  过去完成时的使用首先要有明确的时间点进行提示，第二要合理的体现出“已经完成”的含义。

106. (30007-!-item-!-188;#058&004599)

As with those of humans, the DNA of grape plants contains sites where certain unique sequences

of nucleotides are repeated over and over.

(A) As with those of humans, the DNA of grape plants contains sites where

(B) As human DNA, the DNA of grape plants contain sites in which

(C) As it is with human DNA, the DNA of grape plants, containing sites in which

(D) Like humans, the DNA of grape plants contain sites where

(E) Like human DNA, the DNA of grape plants contains sites in which

A. As with…为错误的表达法

B.  作为人类DNA，葡萄类植物的DNA包含特殊部位。显然，逻辑含义不合理

C.  该选项缺少谓语，为残缺的句子(sentence fragment)。此外，it精确指代葡萄类植物的DNA，as it

is with human DNA，表明葡萄类植物的DNA在人类的DNA中起到了作用。显然，也是逻辑含义

D.  将human与葡萄类植物的DNA相比，比较对象不对等

E.  正确。

in which或where引起定语从句修饰sites。

1) like比较结构，要求比较对象对等

2) As的用法主要有两种：1）作为介词后面接名次性成分，表示“作为”某种事物；2）作连词接句子，

It指代的用法可以参考OG10-199题对A/B选项的解释

107. (30053-!-item-!-188;#058&004625)

Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had

been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

(A) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had

(B) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical

(C) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an

(D) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical

(E) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical

A.  正确，两个动词时态均使用正确。伽利略没有发明望远镜是个事实，所以本句的第一个动词invent，

B.  过去完成时态错误；but引导的句子缺少主语，句子结构不完整。

C.  过去完成时态错误；Galileo和he在此句中同时作主语，句子结构错误。

D.  主句缺少主语，选项最后应补上he。

On hearing that…作为时间状语修饰but引导的表转折的从句；that为同位语从句，表示hearing的具

1)  过去完成时的使用首先要有明确的时间点进行提示，第二要合理的体现出“已经完成”的含义。

2)  陈述句要求句子主谓具全，否则为残缺的句子，也不能出现多个主语。

SC-GWD测试 C选项使用大量的插入语，使Galieo与其主句的主谓he built隔开，考生容易忽视这里有两个重复

108. (30099-!-item-!-188;#058&004651)

In the United States, while the number of foreign-born residents and their children is higher than

ever, the percentage of the population they represent is not; in 1910 this group made up 35 percent

of the population when compared to 20 percent in 2000.

(A) population when compared to 20 percent in 2000

(B) population as compared to 2000, when it was 20 percent

(C) population, comparing it with 20 percent in 2000

(D) population, unlike 2000, with 20 percent

(E) population, compared with 20 percent in 2000

A. when compared的用法不对，compare动作的发出者是group，即主句的主语，此处不符合逻辑，

B. As compared to后面接的是年份：2000――将人口的35％与年份2000年相比，前后比较对象不

C. Comparing为主动形式，用法错误；it没有指代对象

D. Unlike 2000的逻辑主语为句子主语this group，比较对象不对等。

E.  正确。

1) compare with/to比较结构，要求比较对象对等。

2) compare一词表示比较时，应使用被动：A is compared with/to B。主动的compare表达的意思为：

109. (30145-!-item-!-188;#058&004686)

Unlike psychiatrists, who are trained as medical doctors, psychologists have historically been

forbidden from prescribing their patients drugs, but in 2002 New Mexico began to grant the privilege

of prescribing to licensed, doctoral level psychologists who complete an additional training and

certification program.

(A) psychologists have historically been forbidden from prescribing their patients drugs, but in 2002

New Mexico began to grant the privilege of prescribing

(B) psychologists have historically been forbidden to prescribe drugs for their patients, but in 2002

New Mexico began granting prescribing privileges

(C) psychologists have historically been forbidden to prescribe their patients drugs, but in 2002 in

New Mexico, the privilege to prescribe began to be granted

(D) historically psychologists have been forbidden from prescribing their patients drugs, but in 2002

New Mexico began to grant the privilege of prescribing

(E) historically psychologists have been forbidden from prescribing drugs for their patients, but in

2002 in New Mexico, they began granting prescribing privileges

A. forbid from doing something不正确

B.  正确。

C.  被动语态表达啰嗦。

D. forbid from doing something不正确

E. forbid from doing something不正确，they没有指代的对象

1)  forbid somebody to do something, prohibit somebody from doing something为正确的习语

2)  prescribe somebody something, prescribe something for somebody/something为正确的习语

3)  begin doing something, begin to do something均为正确的习语

4)  在不必须使用被动语态的时候，一般不适用被动。或者说，在GMAT考试当中，主动优于被动。

SC-GWD测试 在日常英语当中，forbid from doing something也是正确的，但在GMAT当中，这种使用方法不正

110. (30191-!-item-!-188;#058&004698)

The ivory-billed woodpecker, once the largest woodpecker in North America at a striking 20 inches

tall, has moved in and out of the extinct category, with scientists consistently unable to find solid

proof for the bird to still exist.

(A) for the bird to still exist

(B) for the bird as still existing

(C) for the bird's continued existence

(D) that the bird still exists

(E) of the bird and its continued existence

A. proof习语用法错误

B. as existing表达错误

C. for… continued existence表达啰嗦

D.  正确。

E. and后面的its continued existence与solid proof并列，作find的宾语，不符合逻辑意思。

with部分为复合型独立主格结构。但句子考查的部分仅为proof的限定性定语从句。句子划线部分想表

1) proof的常用表达方式为proof for sth, proof that从句。

2) and连接并列结构时，要注意其连接对象在逻辑上是否平行，是否符合原句意思。

GMAT 当中常出现的独立主格结构只有一种，即 with 复合结构。它的构成是：“with   ＋   宾语  ＋

E.g.: He used to sleep, with the door open. 他过去常开着门睡觉。（形容词）

E.g.: With a boy leading the way，they started towards the village.  （现在分词）

E.g.: With the work done，he went home.  （过去分词）

E.g.: With you to help us，we will finish the task in time.  （不定式）

E.g.: Hong Kong looks more beautiful with thou-sands of lights on at night. （副词）

111. (30237-!-item-!-188;#058&004708)

Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into

view 340,000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective

ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

(A) that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting

(B) that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting

(C) of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it

emitted

(D) of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting

(E) of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted

A. evidence that…   从句中的句子无谓语：a star (that was as bright as the full moon) exploding…；

emitting看似与exploding平行，但缺少连词建立这两个动词之间的关系。

B.  正确，详见“句子结构”分析。

C. Evidence of a star不如evidence that…表达有效。该选项，that成为修饰star的定语从句，整个

D. Of应该为that

E. Of应该为that；that位于moon之后，引导的定语从句错误地修饰了moon。

That引导从句解释evidence的内容，为第二层次。从句内部主结构为: a star exploded into… emitting

1)  句子，不管是主句还是从句，均要求基本句子结构完整，主语谓语必须齐全。

2)  在表示发现、理论、现象等等的内容时，用that引导宾语的同位语从句是比较好的结构。从句可

3) and前后连接的部分应该平行对称。

112. (30283-!-item-!-188;#058&005246)

In hoping to restrain economic growth, interest rates were raised by British policymakers, making it

more expensive to borrow for businesses and consumers.

(A) In hoping to restrain economic growth, interest rates were raised by British policymakers,

making it more expensive to borrow for businesses and consumers.

(B) Making it more expensive for businesses and consumers to borrow, interest rates were raised

by British policymakers, in hopes of their restraining economic growth.

(C) In making borrowing for businesses and consumers more expensive, British policymakers, in

hopes they will restrain economic growth, had raised interest rates.

(D) Hopefully restraining economic growth, British policymakers raised interest rates, making more

expensive borrowing by businesses and consumers.

(E) Hoping to restrain economic growth, British policymakers raised interest rates, making it more

expensive for businesses and consumers to borrow.

A. In hoping的逻辑主语不能为该句主语：interest rates，句子逻辑含义不合理；主句的被动语态没

B. Making的逻辑主语不能为该句主语：interest rates，句子逻辑含义不合理；主句的被动语态没有

C.  使用过去完成时态没有依据。

D. Making more expensive borrowing by businesses and consumers表达笨拙。

E.  正确，making现在分词位于句尾，使用逗号与前句隔开，作伴随状语表结果。本句逻辑最为通

Hoping位于句首，修饰主语policymakers，making现在分词位于句尾，使用逗号与前句隔开，作伴

1)  现在分词位于句首，逻辑主语与句子主语要求一致

2)  过去完成时的使用首先要有明确的时间点进行提示，第二要合理的体现出“已经完成”的含义

3)  非“必要”的情况下，一般不要使用被动语态；被动语态在GMAT当中多被认为awkward

rates、make it more expensive这几个动词的关系的。我们不难发现，只有在E选项中，句子的逻辑

113. (30329-!-item-!-188;#058&005247)

During the last interglacial period, the climate on the Earth was warmer than it is today, and the

consequent melting of the polar ice caps caused the sea level to raise about 60 feet over and above

what its height presently is now.

(A) sea level to raise about 60 feet over and above what its height presently is now

(B) sea level to be raised over its height presently about 60 feet

(C) sea level to rise about 60 feet above its present height

(D) level of the seas to rise over and above its present height about 60 feet

(E) level of the seas to be raised over their height, now about 60 feet

A. raise使用错误，应为rise；presently和now语义重复；over and above…   罗嗦，直接用rise about

60 feet above…  即可

B. to be raised使用被动没有必要；将原形容词present变成副词presently，被修饰的对象随即发生

C.  正确。

D. Level of the seas罗嗦；over and above…罗嗦，直接用rise about 60 feet above…   即可

E. to be raised使用被动没有必要；their为复数，因而只能强制指代seas，seas height为含义不合

during位于句首作主句the climate on the Earth was warmer的时间状语，and连接并列句，该并列句

1) raise表示抬高、提高，或者种植、繁育，为及物动词。因此，raise后面应加宾语：raise something，

2)  非“必要”的情况下，一般不要使用被动语态，被动语态在GMAT当中多被认为awkward，主动语态

3)  考生要注意选项当中出现的语义重复的情况，如本题中的present和now

4)  当形容词、副词词性在不同的选项中转变时，考生要额外注意使用形容词或者副词带来的句子意

SC-GWD测试 Level of the seas并非错误的结构，但从GMAT用词造句简洁的角度考虑，sea level明显优于level

of the seas

AWA测试 在两种情况中考生应该额外注意修饰关系的变化：

   修饰成分的位置发生改变时，读者可参考本书P1-139题；

   修饰成分的词性发生改变时，如本题

114. (30375-!-item-!-188;#058&005280)

While Hans Holbein the Younger is most often identified with his English portraits, scholars have

long been recognizing him as a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist and who was

fundamental in synthesizing the novelties of the Italian Renaissance with the rational tradition of

Northern Europe.

(A) been recognizing him as a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist and who

(B) been recognizing him for being a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist and he

(C) recognized him as a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist who

(D) recognized him as a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist and he

(E) recognized him for being a superb draftsman and a remarkably versatile artist and who

A. As介宾短语后两个and出现，错误

B. For being a draftsman用法错误，应用as；and he was fundamental…使该句的主句出现两套完

C.  正确。

D.  同B选项，and he was…    构成run-on错误

E. For being a draftsman用法错误，应用as，and who…中的and多余。

While引起的从句可译为“尽管”，表转折，as引导的介宾结构作主句谓语recognized的宾语补足语，其

Construction）

1)  have recognized vs. have been recognizing过去完成时态与过去完成进行时态。

2) as引导的介宾结构，as A and B，A/B要求形式平行、内容对称。原句中as结构后面出现了两个

artist, and who was….

3)  recognize somebody as somebody/something

4)  在一个单句当中，只能出现一套主谓结构。句子主语可以是多个人或物、谓语也可以是并列的多

A sang; B danced.   或者  A sang, and B danced.这样才是正确的句子。

115. (30421-!-item-!-188;#058&005366)

Regardless of their form or function, all aerodynamically enhanced, curved objects made for

throwing have been called boomerangs by non-Australians ever since 1788, when Europeans saw

Dharug-speaking men tossing "bumariny" in the area later known as Sydney.

(A) Regardless of their form or function, all aerodynamically enhanced, curved objects made for

throwing have been called boomerangs by non-Australians ever since 1788,

(B) Regardless of their form or function, any aerodynamically enhanced, curved object made for

throwing has been called a boomerang by non-Australians ever since 1788,

(C) Ever since 1788, non-Australians have called all aerodynamically enhanced, curved objects

made for throwing boomerangs, regardless of their form or function, from

(D) Ever since 1788, any aerodynamically enhanced, curved object made for throwing has been

called a boomerang by non-Australians, regardless of its form or function, from

(E) Non-Australians have called all aerodynamically enhanced, curved objects made for throwing

boomerangs ever since 1788, regardless of their form or function, from

A.  正确，该句多处出现数的概念：their、any/all、object/objects、boomerang/boomerangs等。

B. Their与any object、has been called单复数不一致

C. From when用法错误；when与其修饰对象1788关系不紧密

D. From when用法错误；when与其修饰对象1788关系不紧密

E. From when用法错误；when与其修饰对象1788关系不紧密

Regardless of something表示不受…的影响，位于句首修饰句子主语。句子采用被动语态避免主动语

1)  主谓一致、单复数一致。考生需要注意在长句中，数的概念要始终保持一致。

2) GMAT要求修饰成分与被修饰对象在位置上紧密相邻、指代清晰。在该题中，只有A、B选项的时

when从句与其修饰对象被大量其他成分隔开，距离很远，修饰不紧密。

Regardless of something，词典的解释为：without being affected or influenced by something

A选项中，regardless of their form or function位于句首，准确的修饰了句子主语objects made for

throwing，their也无疑义地指向了主语objects，boomerangs作called的宾语非常清晰，when紧跟在

called【all aerodynamically enhanced, curved objects made for throwing】boomerangs.   括号内为

called的宾语，boomerangs为宾补，头重脚轻。此外，regardless of的被修饰对象objects被埋在句子

116. (30709-!-item-!-188;#058&005763)

George Washington Carver dedicated his life to the economic strengthening of the South with

improvement of soil and diversification of crops.

(A) the economic strengthening of the South with improvement of soil and diversification of crops

(B) strengthening the economy in the South with soil improvement and the diversification of crops

(C) strengthening the economy of the South through soil improvement and crop diversification

(D) the strengthening of the economy of the South through improving soil and crop diversifying

(E) the economic strengthening in the South with improving soil and diversifying crops

A. With应该为through

B. With应该为through；soil improvement和diversification of crops结构不平行；in the South与of the

South表达的含义不同。

C.  正确。

D. Improving soil和crop diversifying不平行，前者为动宾词组（动词性质），后者为名词性质

E. With应该为through；in the South与of the South表达的含义不同。

1)  through A and B, A/B要求形式平行、内容对称。做到了这一平行的选项包括A – improvement of

soil and diversification of crops，采用了两个of介词短语、C选项  – soil improvement and crop

diversification、以及E选项  – improving soil and diversifying crops，采用两个动名词化的动宾结

2)  dedicate something to/for something,    此处的to为介词，接名词、动名词、或名词性词组

3)  表示通过某种方式、通过做某事达到某种效果时，多用介词through，with表达的意思不同。

strengthening of the economy在语法上均没有绝对的错误，都是可以接受的表达方式。只是相比较就

GMAT“准确、清晰、简洁”这一原则而言，使用能够表示动作含义的to strengthening the economy更

117. (30755-!-item-!-188;#058&005865)

Constructed at least as early as the Sui dynasty (A.D. 581-618), the Altar of Heaven is the oldest known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, more than 1,000 years older than a similar one

in Beijing, it is the only altar found so far that predates the Qing dynasty (A.D. 1644-1912).

(A) Constructed at least as early as the Sui dynasty (A.D. 581-618), the Altar of Heaven is the

oldest known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, more than 1,000 years older than a

similar one in Beijing, it is

(B) Constructed at least as early as the Sui dynasty (A.D. 581-618), the Altar of Heaven, the oldest

known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, is more than 1,000 years older than a similar

one in Beijing and is

(C) The Altar of Heaven, having been constructed at least as early as the Sui dynasty (A.D.

581-618) and the oldest known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, is more than 1,000

years older than a similar one in Beijing and

(D) The Altar of Heaven, which was constructed at least as early as the Sui dynasty (A.D. 581-618)

and is the oldest known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, more than 1,000 years older

than a similar one in Beijing and is

(E) The oldest known altar used in Chinese state religious practice, more than 1,000 years older

than a similar one in Beijing, the Altar of Heaven, which was constructed at least as early as the Sui

dynasty (A.D. 581-618) and is

A. Run-on sentence：无连词、逗号连接两个独立的句子――the Altar of Heaven is…以及it is…；

more than 1,000 years older与其修饰对象the Altar位置关系不紧密

B.  正确，constructed…正确修饰主语  the Altar of Heaven，同位语the oldest known altar对主语起

C. Having been constructed用法错误；having been constructed… and the oldest known altar…，

D.  句子成分残缺，缺谓语is

E.  句子成分残缺，只有主语，缺少谓语。

Constructed…正确修饰主语  the Altar of Heaven，同位语the oldest known altar紧跟在主语后面，用

only alter平行对称

1)  句子主谓要求完整，不能无连词出现两套主谓，暂不累述

2) GMAT要求修饰成分与被修饰对象在位置上紧密相邻、指代清晰

118. (30801-!-item-!-188;#058&005879)

Scientists have found new evidence of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in

much the same way as heartburn--by monitoring what's going on within their bodies.

(A) of people initially registering emotions like sadness or anger in much the same way as

(B) of people initially registering emotions such as sadness or anger much the same as

experiencing

(C) that people initially register emotions such as sadness or anger in much the same way as they

experience

(D) that a person initially registers emotions such as sadness or anger much the same way as

experiencing

(E) that a person initially registers emotions like sadness or anger much the same as

A. Like使用错误，应为such as；evidence of的用法不如evidence that….

B. much the same as为形容词成分，在该句中只能修饰紧跟在其前面的anger，与句子原意不同――

C.  正确。

D. A person registers与未划线部分their数不一致；much the same as错误。

E. A person registers与未划线部分their数不一致；like使用错误，应为such as；much the same as

（Comparison）

1)  注意未划线部分名词单复数的提示，使划线部分与其一致。

2) like作介词表示“与…相似”，like在GMAT语法中不能起到举例的作用，需使用such as

3)  在表示发现、理论、现象等等的内容时，用that引导宾语的同位语从句是比较好的结构。从句可

4)  此句正确选项用in much the same way as  连接前后两个句子，比较register和experience两个动

119. (30847-!-item-!-188;#058&005883)

After determining the levels of calcium carbonate and the types of fossilized algae present in core

samples taken from the bottom of Lake Titicaca in the Andes, a group of scientists was able to

reconstruct the history of precipitation in tropical South America over the past 25,000 years.

(A) the types of fossilized algae present in core samples taken from the bottom of Lake Titicaca in

the Andes, a group of scientists was able

(B) the types of fossilized algae that are present in core samples taken from the bottom of Lake

Titicaca in the Andes, it was possible for a group of scientists

(C) the types of fossilized algae that had been present in core samples taken from the bottom of

Lake Titicaca in the Andes, that made it possible for a group of scientists

(D) what types of fossilized algae had been present in core samples taken from the bottom of Lake

Titicaca in the Andes, it was possible for a group of scientists

(E) what the types of fossilized algae were that were present in core samples taken from the bottom

of Lake Titicaca in the Andes, a group of scientists was able

A.  正确。

B. Determining要求a group of scientists为句子主语。

C. Determining要求a group of scientists为句子主语；过去完成时态使用错误。

D. Determining要求a group of scientists为句子主语；what从句与  the levels of…不平行。

E. what从句与  the levels of…不平行；were that were present in core samples笨拙且结构不清晰。

scientists。

1)  现在分词位于句首作状语时，其逻辑主语是句子主语。

2)  the levels of…  需与 the types of…    平行对称

3)  过去完成时的使用首先要有明确的时间点进行提示，第二要合理的体现出“已经完成”的含义

120. (30893-!-item-!-188;#058&005903)

Although the turtle has been toothless for more than 150 million years, in some contemporary turtle

species the moderately sharp and jagged edges of their horny jaws function for teeth.

(A) their horny jaws function for teeth

(B) its horny jaws function for teeth

(C) its horny jaws function as do teeth

(D) the horny jaws function as teeth do

(E) the horny jaws function as teeth

A. Their与未划线部分the turtle has been的数不一致

B. function习语使用错误

C. function习语使用错误

D. function习语使用错误

E.  正确。

1)  注意未划线部分名词单复数的提示，使划线部分与其一致。

2) function as something为正确的习语