The population of Megacity, a sprawling metropolis in Remsland, has grown at a fairly steady rate for over a century. A hundred years ago, poor sanitation in the city caused high mortality rates among the city's inhabitants, and what fueled the population increase was immigration from rural villages. This immigration has continued and even increased. Moreover, in recent decades, city sanitation has improved enormously. Yet the city's population growth has not significantly accelerated.Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain why the city's population growth rate has not changed?
【选项】For several decades, Megacity, as distinct from the countryside, has had a steadily declining birth rate.