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Magoosh - 逻辑CR - 165
Anselm of Canterbury (1033 – 1109) was a medieval theologian. According to Anselm's ontological argument for the existence of God, "accidental beings" are all those things -- essentially all sense objects -- whose non-existence could be imagined without inherent contradiction, and "necessary beings" are those things whose existence is guaranteed precisely by what they are. Because accidental beings could not have guaranteed that they ever would come into existence, there must be a necessary being upon whom all the accidental beings depends to bring them into existence; and this necessary being Anselm identifies with God, who therefore clearly must exist.

In our modern analysis, this eleventh century argument is most vulnerable to what criticism?
  • AIt establishes an effect that must exist well before its cause. 分析该选项
  • BIt completely depends on a definition of a term that stands in stark contrast to the everyday understanding of the term. 分析该选项
  • CThe conclusion supports facts that directly contradict the evidence given to support it. 分析该选项
  • DIt makes a distinction that presupposes the truth of the conclusions that is to be established. 分析该选项
  • EIt presents as evidence in support of a claim information that is inconsistent with other evidence presented in support of the same claim. 分析该选项
正确答案: D

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