保持比较的平行

比较必须是逻辑上平行。也就是说,必须比较同一类的事情。

  ◆ Frank’s build, LIKE his brother, is broad and muscular.

 

上面的例句中用Frank’s build 和 his brother 进行比较,这在逻辑意义上不平行。所以正确的应该是:

  ◆ Frank’s build, LIKE his brother’s, is broad and muscular. 或者:

  ◆ Frank, LIKE his brother, has a broad and muscular build.

 

上面的例子中我们可以使用that 来代替build ,而如果是复数的话就要用those 来替换:

  ◆ Frank’s toes, LIKE THOSE of his brother, are short and hairy.

 

比较也需要结构上平行,也就是说相似的语法结构:

  ◆ I like to run through forests more than I enjoy walking through crowds.

 

上面的例子中run through forests 和walking through crowds 两个比较对象并不平行。To run 作为不定式,而walking 则是作为一个名词来使用,所以正确的可以写成:

  ◆ I like running through forests MORE THAN walking through crowds.

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练习册:保持比较的平行

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